Monday, January 10, 2011

Definition and Classification of Special Needs Children (MOWCSW)

Government of Nepal

Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare


Date of Decision : 5 January 2011

In accordance with the Article 15A. of Terms and Conditions and Process for Granting Approval for Adoption of Nepali child by an Alien (First Ammendment), 2067 (2010), the Ministry has defined and classified the special needs children as mentioned below :

Definition : Children who need more care, concern and love from the parents due to the abnormal medical, physical, emotional, and developmental condition and sometime due to their special circumstances Older age children living under special conditions

Classification :


Older children over 6 years/sibling group


Low Birth weight


Children with following Conditions:

  • Acute Ricketts

§ Blind

§ Blood disorders

§ Brain Lesion

§ Burns

§ Chronic Asthma

§ Chronic Eczema

§ Cleft Lip-Cleft Palate/Cleft Lip

§ Colostomy

§ Deaf

§ Diabetes

§ Dwarfism

§ Ectodermal displacia (no sweat glands)

§ Epilepsy (does not include fever induced convulsions)

§ Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

§ Fingers-toes missing

§ Hare lip

§ Heart conditions of a severe nature

§ Hemophilia

§ Hepatitis B+

§ Ichthyosis (Collodian baby)

§ Indeterminate sex

§ Limbs Missing

§ Microcephaly

§ Neurological disorders

§ Paralysis

§ Partially Blind

§ Partially Deaf

§ Pier Robin Syndrome (no tongue)

§ Polio

§ Severe disfiguring birth marks

  • Severe Orthopedic conditions

§ Severe Seizure disorders

§ Speech dysfunction-dysphasia

§ Spina Bifida

§ Thalasemia Major


Prior traumatic background, disruption, long institutional care, difficult circumstances, psychiatric and mentally challenged parentage.

Note : Older Child means the child above 6 years of age upto 16 years of age.

Ethics, Transparency, Support
~ What All Adoptions Deserve.

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